viernes, 10 de febrero de 2012



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Nutrition (also called nourishment or aliment) is the provision, to cells and organisms, of the materials necessary (in the form of food) to support life. Many common health problems can be prevented or alleviated with a healthy diet.
The diet of an organism is what it eats, which is largely determined by the perceived palatability of foods. Dietitians are health professionals who specialize in human nutrition, meal planning, economics, and preparation. They are trained to provide safe, evidence-based dietary advice and management to individuals (in health and disease), as well as to institutions. Clinical nutritionists are health professionals who focus more specifically on the role of nutrition in chronic disease, including possible prevention or remediation by addressing nutritional deficiencies before resorting to drugs. While government regulation of the use of this professional title is less universal than for "dietician", the field is supported by many high-level academic programs, up to and including the Doctoral level, and has its own voluntary certification board,[1] professional associations, and peer-reviewed journals, e.g. the American Society for Nutrition and the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.
A poor diet can have an injurious impact on health, causing deficiency diseases such as scurvy[2] and kwashiorkor;[3] health-threatening conditions like obesity[4][5] and metabolic syndrome;[6] and such common chronic systemic diseases as cardiovascular disease,[7][8] diabetes,[9][10] and osteoporosis.

  •   Las definiciones: 
         Nutrición (también conocido como la alimentación) es la provisión, a las células y organismos, de los materiales necesarios (en forma de alimentos) para mantener la vida. Muchos de los problemas de salud comunes pueden prevenirse o aliviarse con una dieta saludable.

  •  Los marcadores de definiciones:  is, nourishment, as well as to.

Resume el texto con tus propias palabras:
         La nutrición es el acto de ingerir alimentos para proveer a las celulas y e organismo de los materiales necesarios para conservar la vida, la buena alimentación puede ayudar a prevenir o aliviar algunos problemas de salud. los nutricionistas son los especialistas en la alimentación, ellos manejan ampliamente todo los aspectos importantes para una correcta alimentación tanto en las personas sanas como en aquellas que presentan una patologia y ameriten algun tipo de dieta especial.

Peter Drucker

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Peter Ferdinand Drucker
Born19 November 1909(1909-11-19)
Flag of Austria-Hungary 1869-1918.svg Kaasgraben, Vienna, Austria-Hungary
Died11 November 2005(2005-11-11) (aged 95)
California Claremont, California
Alma materUniversity of Frankfurt
OccupationWriter, Professor, Management Consultant
Influenced byJoseph Schumpeter
InfluencedJames C. Collins, Andrew Grove, Masatoshi Ito, A. G. Lafley, Shoichiro Toyoda, Jack Welch, Frances Hesselbein, Tadashi Yanai, Rick Warren
Awards2002 Presidential Medal of Freedom
Peter Ferdinand Drucker (November 19, 1909 – November 11, 2005) was an influential writer, management consultant, and self-described “social ecologist.”




Drucker's books and scholarly and popular articles explored how humans are organized across the business, government and the nonprofit sectors of society. He is one of the best-known and most widely influential thinkers and writers on the subject of management theory and practice. His writings have predicted many of the major developments of the late twentieth century, including privatization and decentralization; the rise of Japan to economic world power; the decisive importance of marketing; and the emergence of the information society with its necessity of lifelong learning. In 1959, Drucker coined the term “knowledge worker" and later in his life considered knowledge worker productivity to be the next frontier of management. The annual Global Peter Drucker Forum in his hometown of Vienna Austria, honors his legacy.



Drucker was both on his paternal and his maternal side of Jewish descent, but his parents converted to Christianity and lived in what he referred to as a "liberal" Lutheran Protestant household in Austria-Hungary. His mother Caroline Bondi had studied medicine and his father Adolf Drucker was a lawyer and high-level civil servant. Drucker was born in Vienna, the capital of Austria, in a small village named Kaasgraben (now part of the 19th district of Vienna, Döbling). He grew up in a home where intellectuals, high government officials, and scientists would meet to discuss new ideas.
After graduating from Döbling Gymnasium, Drucker found few opportunities for employment in post-World War Vienna, so he moved to Hamburg, Germany, first working as an apprentice at an established cotton trading company, then as a journalist, writing for Der Österreichische Volkswirt (The Austrian Economist).Drucker then moved to Frankfurt, where he took a job at the Daily Frankfurter General-Anzeiger.[10] While in Frankfurt, he also earned a doctorate in international law and public law from the University of Frankfurt in 1931.
In 1933, Drucker left Germany for England. In London, he worked for an insurance company, then as the chief economist at a private bank.He also reconnected with Doris Schmitz, an acquaintance from the University of Frankfurt whom he married in 1934. The couple permanently relocated to the United States, where he became a university professor as well as a free-lance writer and business consultant.
In 1943, Drucker became a naturalized citizen of the United States. He then had a distinguished career as a teacher, first as a professor of politics and philosophy at Bennington College from 1942–1949, then for more than twenty years at New York University as a Professor of Management from 1950 to 1971.
Drucker came to California in 1971, where he developed one of the country's first executive MBA programs for working professionals at Claremont Graduate University (then known as Claremont Graduate School). From 1971 to his death he was the Clarke Professor of Social Science and Management at Claremont Graduate University. Claremont Graduate University's management school was named the "Peter F. Drucker Graduate School of Management" in his honor in 1987 (later renamed the "Peter F. Drucker and Masatoshi Ito Graduate School of Management"). He taught his last class there in 2002 at age 92. Drucker also continued to act as a consultant to businesses and non-profit organizations well into his nineties.
He died November 11, 2005 in Claremont, California of natural causes at 95.

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  •  later,  lifelong , In 1959, first,  last .

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